Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Hirakud dam - Largest dam in india

Hirakud dam - Largest dam in india
Hirakud dam in odisha
Here we explain all the information about the Hirakud dam which is largest dam in Odisha. If you want to know about this dam then read this full article.

About Hirakud dam

Hirakud dam, the world’s longest earthen dam. Hirakud dam is worked over the Mahanadi River, around fifteenth kilometers from Sambalpur in the area of Odisha in India. Behind the dam expands a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km long. It is one of the principal major multipurpose stream valley activities that began after India's autonomy It is India’s largest dam. It is also on the fourth largest dam in the world.
Hirakud is a historical dam constructed across the river Mahanadi. this beautiful dam is also a revered tourist attraction in Odisha which is known for its eternal beauty and gorgeous surroundings. From its construction in 1957, this iconic masterpiece is making the country proud by being one of Asia’s biggest artificial lakes. Which drains an area of 1,33,090 sq.Km.From horizon to horizon the reservoir forms the largest artificial lake in Asia with an area of 746 sq.Km. and a shoreline over 640 Kms. A twenty-one Kilometers drive on the dike offers a special encounter of quiet peacefulness and greatness of nature. One can enjoy the sight of the mighty Hirakud dam and the fantastic expanse of water from the top of the revolving minaret called Gandhi Minar.

Construction history of "Hirakud Dam"

Hirakud dam - Largest dam in india
Hirakud dam construction 

In 1952, Mazumdar Committee was appointed by the government to oversee the soundness and technical feasibility of the project. The council has imagined expenses of ₹92.80 crores for the undertaking and that the development of the principal dam would be finished by June 1955. It likewise said that by 1954–55 an aggregate of 1,347,000 sections of land (545,000 ha) would be inundated and that 48 GW of electric power would be created. However, the dam was completed in 1953 and was formally inaugurated by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 January 1957. The total cost of the project was ₹1,000.2 million (equivalent to ₹75 billion or US$1.1 billion in 2018) in 1957. Power age alongside the agrarian water system began in 1956, accomplishing maximum capacity in 1966.

In 1945, under the chairmanship of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, the Member of Labour, it was decided to invest in the potential benefits of regulating the Mahanadi for multi-purpose use. On 15 March 1946, Sir Hawthorne Lewis, the Governor of Odisha, established the framework stone of the Hirakud dam. A task report was submitted to the administration in June 1947. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru laid the primary clump of cement on 12 April 1948.

The objective of Hirakud Dam

In the upper waste bowl of the Mahanadi River, fixated on the Chhattisgarh Plain, intermittent dry spells appear differently in relation to the circumstances in the lower delta area where floods may harm crops. The dam was developed to help reduce these issues by making a supply and controlling waterway move through the seepage framework. The dam controls the progression of the Mahanadi River and produces hydroelectricity through a few hydroelectric plants.

The dam helps control floods in the Mahanadi delta and waters 75,000 km2 (19×106 sections of land) of land. Hydroelectricity is likewise created. The Hirakud dam controls 83,400 km2 (20.6×106 sections of land) of Mahanadi's waste.

It depletes a territory of 133,090 km2 (32.89×106 sections of land), more than double the region of Sri Lanka. The measure of earth, cement and stonework materials used to manufacture the dam is adequate to make a street 8 m (26 ft) wide and clear it from Kanyakumari to Kashmir and from Amritsar to Dibrugarh in Assam. With the fruitful water system given by the dam, Sambalpur is known as the rice bowl of Odisha.

The task gives 1,556 km2 (384,000 sections of land) of Kharif and 1,084 km2 (268,000 sections of land) of the rabi water system in regions of Sambalpur, Bargarh, Bolangir, and Subarnapur. The water discharged by the power plant floods another 4,360 km2 (1.08×106 sections of land) of CCA in Mahanadi delta. The dam can create up to 307.5 MW of electrical power through its two power plants at Burla, on the dam's correct bank and Chiplima, 22 km (14 mi) downstream from the dam. What's more, the undertaking gives flood assurance to 9,500 km2 (2.3×106 sections of land) of the delta zone in the area of Cuttack and Puri.

Chiplima has picked up noticeable quality as the second hydroelectric venture of the Hirakud dam. A characteristic fall of 80 to 120 ft (24 to 37 m) in the waterway Mahanadi is utilized to create power. The spot is for the most part possessed by anglers, whose divinity Ghanteswari is respected in the neighboring region. The state animals rearing ranch and horticultural homestead are situated here.

Island of Hirakud Dam

Hirakud dam - Largest dam in india
island of Hirakud dam
Island is situated in one of the extraordinary purposes of the Hirakud Reservoir, a characteristic miracle. Totally occupied by wild creatures, it is without any people. It is close to Kamarbandh town of Belpahar-Banharpali go which is around 90 km (56 mi) from Sambalpur. It very well may become to by dispatch from Hirakud dam, it is nearer by 10 km (6.2 mi) through the waterway.

The island is a submerged slope, and before the development of the Hirakud dam, it was a created town. During the resettlement time frame, townspeople left a portion of their dairy cattle behind; when the dam development was finished, the steers chose the ridge. With the progression of time, the close-by zone topped off with the repository water, transforming the peak into an island. Being ceaselessly from humankind, the dairy cattle are currently wild, quick and not effectively got. Living on a peak with thick woods, they are bigger than manageable steers, and practically all are white in shading. Close by inhabitants endeavor to catch these creatures now and again, however, these chases are once in a while fruitful. Despite the fact that plummeted from agreeable cows, these creatures give a differentiating image of this type of creature coming back to life in nature.

Finishing touch

One of the highlighting features of this site is sighting a beautiful reservoir from the top of rotating minarets. Among these minarets, Gandhi minaret on the north and Nehru minaret on the south. These minarets provide a magnificent view of an expanse of water on the Hirakud dam. Moreover, the Hirakud dam is a noteworthy site for birdwatching.

A small video for Hirakud dam see below:-

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