Wednesday, July 8, 2020

Vinoba Bhave - Vinoba Bhave Biography and early life

Vinoba Bhave biography
Vinoba Bhave biography

Mahatma Gandhi's spiritual successor and great freedom fighter Vinoba Bhave started his Bhoodan movement in the country at a time when there was a possibility of bloodshed in the country. This movement of Vinoba Bhave got immense public support and people's participation in social decisions increased with public awareness.

Vinoba Bhave believed that for the complete transformation of Indian society, 'non-violent revolution' needs to be launched. According to Ramachandra Rahi, secretary of the Central Gandhi Memorial Fund based in the capital Delhi, Vinoba Bhave had said that he finds in Gandhiji the peace of the Himalayas and the revolutionary fervor of Bengal. Gandhiji praised Vinoba Bhave, saying that he understood his views better. Gandhi chose Vinoba Bhave in 1940 to lead national protests against the war policies of the British government.

All information about Vinoba Bhave

Full Name

Vinayak Narhari Bhave

Birth Date

September 11, 1895

Birthplace

Gahode, Gujarat, India

Father Name

Narahari Bhave

Mother Name

Rukmini Bhave

Field of work

Freedom fighter, thinker, social reformer

Language

Marathi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Arabic, Persian, Gujarati, Bengali, English, French, etc.

Degree of award

Bharat Ratna, 1st Ramon Magsaysay Award

Citizenship

Indian

The death

15 November 1982

Place of death

Wardha, Maharashtra


Vinoba Bhave early life

Vinayak's intelligence was very sharp. Mathematics became his most beloved subject. Scored the highest marks in Mathematics in the High School Examination. During his graduation in Baroda, Vinayak's mind became very anxious to become a recluse. He left home in 1916 at the age of 21 and turned to the city ​​of Kashi to become a monk.

In the city of Kashi, he started studying scriptures under the guidance of Vedic pandits. Mahatma Gandhi 's discussion was going on around the country that he had come to India from Southern Africa and started playing the bugle of freedom. During unbroken health and knowledge, Vinoba wished to meet Gandhiji when he reached Ahmedabad.

At the Kocharab Ashram. When he reached, Gandhiji was cutting the vegetables. It was probably not thought by Vinoba that such a well-known leader would get chopped vegetables. Read the text of Swavalamban and Shram without any preaching. After this meeting, he became Bapu for his whole life.

According to Gandhi Peace Foundation Secretary Surendra Bhai, Vinoba Bhave started his Bhoodan movement in the year 1955 at a time when there was a possibility of a bloody struggle for land in the country. After Gandhiji's assassination on 30 January 1948, his followers were looking to Vinoba Bhave for directions.

Vinoba advised that now that the country has achieved Swaraj, the aim of Gandhians should be to build a society dedicated to Sarvodaya. Communist students and some poor villagers in the Telangana region formed a partisan faction. This group was trying to break the monopoly of such people on the land by killing or banning rich landowners and dividing their land among themselves.

Life of Vinoba Bhave

Vinoba Bhave was born on 11 September 1895 in a Chitpavan Brahmin family in Gagode village in Colaba (now Raigad) district of Maharashtra. His mother's name and Ukmani and father's name Nar Hari was Shambhu Rao. His mother had a profound influence on his life. He was greatly influenced by religious texts like Bhagavad Gita, Mahabharata, and Ramayana.

Vinoba Bhave went to meet Gandhiji on June 7, 1916, after providing several letters. Five years later, on 8 April 1921, Vinoba Bhave took over the Gandhi Ashram at Wardha. During his stay there, he published a monthly magazine called 'Maharashtra Dharma'. It contained articles on the Upanishads.

During this time, the relationship between him and Gandhiji became stronger and his participation in creative work for the society continued to grow.

In 1932, the British government sent him to jail for six months in Dhulia on charges of conspiring against the government. Vinoba Bhave won the first international Ramon Magsaysay Award for community leadership.

Vinoba Bhave death

Vinoba Bhave
Vinoba Bhave

When Vinoba saw that old age surrounded him, he gave up food and water. When Acharya Vinova Bhave gave up food and water, his supporters asked him for information about the sources of energy to remain in consciousness, so he told that they receive energy from the air, sky, etc. 

Acharya Vinoba said 'No Day of Death Day nostalgia but a celebration of the Day' because he for his death Diwali Day on November 15 was chosen as the Nirvana Day. In this way, he gave up his life in Wardha, Maharashtra on 15 November 1982, within a week due to food grains. After Vinoba's body was abandoned the sisters of the Pawanar Ashram offered him a joint prayer. There are only a few examples of such deaths in history. Thus the process of dying is called atonement.

Indira Gandhi and Vinoba Bhave relationship

Vinoba's relationship with Indira Gandhi can also be termed as Guruvat, fratricide, and ancestral. But for saints like Vinoba, this relationship was not tied to any personal fascination. He was on the foundation of neutrality. Publicly, he always addressed her as Prime Minister Indira.

The siege of Parliament and Satyagraha against cow slaughter also came as Prime Minister of Indira Gandhi. During the Emergency, the famous magazine 'Maitri' which came out of Vinoba's ashram had strongly criticized the government on the issue of cow slaughter. Then what was left? For the first time, the police entered this ashram and seized all copies of 'Maitri'.

Indira Gandhi's life events helped Vinoba understand the moral, natural, and material circumstances of a woman politician. And finally, they had come to the conclusion that the woman should not enter politics as she is coming today. In his book 'Stree Shakti' and 'Woman's Glory', he clearly put his views on it.

While out of power, Indira Gandhi reached the Pawanar Ashram to seek Vinoba's blessings. Then the newspapers publicized the incident in such a way that Vinoba has come out in favor of Indira. Later, on Indira Gandhi reaching Pawanar directly, leaving the Russian foreign tour in the middle of Vinoba's death, the media covered the incident giving further extension to its earlier angle.

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This video is from - Prasar Bharati Archives


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